Basic x ray machine

Basic X-ray Machine Operator Study Materials Florida

Basic X-ray Machine Operator Study Guide by Pages can have notes/highlighting. Spine may show signs of wear. ~ ThriftBooks: Read More, Spend Less . Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Shipping and handling. This item will ship to United States, but the seller has not specified shipping options The basic operator of an X-ray machine can perform limited general diagnostic radiological procedures under the direct supervision and control of a licensed professional to provide patient care. Professionals with the knowledge and experience in operating x-ray equipment from other countries and without a license in the State of Florida can. The content of the basic radiographic examination includes testing in protection, quality control, equipment operation, imaging procedures, imaging acquisition and evaluation and patient care. Passing the certification exam is not always the final step to working as a radiologic or x-ray technologist The purpose of the Basic X-Ray Technician program is to prepare the student for the position of basic X-Ray machine operator. The program offers the knowledge and skills necessary for doing radiologic work on extremities and chest. The student will be trained to a high level of professionalism in communicating, caring, and protecting the.

This tutorial describes how X-rays are produced and how they interact with the body in forming a radiographic image. X-ray safety issues are briefly discussed. A basic knowledge of X-ray physics is complementary to knowledge of X-ray interpretation Types of X-ray Machines. Practically all X-ray equipment used in veterinary radiography was designed and constructed for human use and suffers from various disadvantages when used for veterinary purposes. While there is a very wide variety of machines of different size, power and manufacture, they may be divided into three main groups. Portable. basic x-ray machine operator or -basic x-ray machine operator podiatric medicine please read these instructions completely before mailing the application. any missing documents will slow the processing of your application. any reference to licensure in this application also means certification and registration. 1

Description: This video shows the basic functioning of a dental panoramic x-ray machine A person holding certification as a basic X-ray machine operator may perform limited general diagnostic radiographic procedures. This position is an important member of the healthcare team, and works under the direct supervision and control of a licensed practitioner to provide patient care. Don't wait! Act now X-ray technology lets doctors see straight through human tissue to examine broken bones, cavities and swallowed objects with extraordinary ease. Modified X-ray procedures can be used to examine softer tissue, such as the lungs, blood vessels or the intestines. In this article, we'll find out exactly how X-rays machines pull off this incredible trick Basic X-ray Machine Operator Study Guide Unknown Binding - January 1, 1986 5.0 out of 5 stars 3 ratings. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Previous page. Print length. 373 pages. Language. English. Publisher. Florida Dept of Health and Rehab Serv. Publication date. January 1, 1986. See all details.

Panoramic radiograph - Wikipedia

Academic Programs - Basic X-Ray Machine Operato

Define Basic X-ray machine operator. means a person who is employed by a licensed practitioner to perform certain radiographic functions, specifically excluding nuclear medicine and radiation therapy procedures, under the direct supervision of that practitioner Medical x-rays come from a machine that is designed to emit radiation on command. The history of how x-rays were discovered is interesting. In the late 1800's there were many scientists of that era hat were experimenting with electricity which at that time was a new phenomena. One particular experiment involved the behavior o An X-ray generator generally contains an X-ray tube to produce the X-rays. Possibly, radioisotopes can also be used to generate X-rays. An X-ray tube is a simple vacuum tube that contains a cathode, which directs a stream of electrons into a vacuum, and an anode, which collects the electrons and is made of tungsten to evacuate the heat generated by the collision

Components of X-Ray Machine - SlideShar

Basic x-ray machine operators, also known as radiologic technologists or radiographers, operate medical diagnostic machines that take internal, anatomical images of the body The x ray machine is a device for producing X light, which is mainly composed of the X light ball tube and the power supply of the X ray machine and the control circuit. When the power is turned on, the start button of the x ray machine is pressed and the whole machine starts to work An x-ray machine is a complex device used in a variety of circumstances around the world. With the ability to penetrate hard objects, they are used for purposes such as airport security checkpoints to see into bags, or in the medical community to look for broken bones or problems within the body

To create a radiograph, a patient is positioned so that the part of the body being imaged is located between an x-ray source and an x-ray detector. When the machine is turned on, x-rays travel through the body and are absorbed in different amounts by different tissues, depending on the radiological density of the tissues they pass through An x-ray technician or radiologist can perform an x-ray in a hospital's radiology rooms, a dentist's office, a clinic or urgent care centers that specialize in diagnostic procedures. In some cases where the patient's mobility is a problem, x-ray procedures are done at the patient's bedside using portable x-ray machines Basic physics of X-ray imaging 1. INTRODUCTION In X-ray diagnostics, radiation that is partly transmitted through and partly absorbed in the irradiated object is utilised. An X-ray image shows the variations in transmission caused by structures in the object of varying thickness, density or atomic composition. I 0:00 Introduction & Description of X ray Tube 1:04 Cathode 3:05 Anode 5:27 Focal Spot 7:20 Internal Environment 8:45 Formation of X ray Photons 9:00 Insulati..

In many cases across the medical field, the X-ray machine is the most basic imaging system in a facility. Even so, acquiring the fundamentals constitutes a major capital outlay.This is precisely why it pays to be aware of all the options components of the x-ray machine. Today's discussion will focus on the x-ray tube. In the picture, you can see the technologist handling the x-ray tube. She is manipulating the field size by adjusting a device called the collimator which is attached to the x-ray tube housing. The rectangular looking device just above the collimator is th basic x ray machine operator study guide is available in our digital library an online access to it is set as public so you can get it instantly. Our digital library hosts in multiple countries, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this Page 1/10 X-RAY MACHINE 300mA. 125 KVP Full Wave Solid State Silicon Rectified X-ray Generator for Radiography suitable for single Tube Operation as per IS:7620 with latest amendments. TIMER The exposure timer should be digital & from 0.02 sec to 5 sec. CONTROL Consisting of On & Off Switches, with Voltmeter, MA meter, Quick trip-overload circuit breaker (Automati Coolidge/Vacuum Tubes. Most x-ray tubes in use today are filled with a vacuum. This entirely new variety of x-ray tube was invented in 1913 by the American electrical engineer William Coolidge (1873-1975).In that same year Coolidge developed the technique for making fine wire out of tungsten (a notoriously non-ductile metal)

X-RAY CIRCUITS Main Circuit 1. PRIMARY CIRCUIT -Control Panel Main Switch: The switch that generates the power to the x-ray tube. Exposure Switch: A remote control device that permits current to flow through the circuit. Timer: Device used to end the exposure at an accurately measured preset time. 2. SECONDARY CIRCUIT - high voltage transformers, rectification & x-ray tube An X-ray, or X-radiation, is a penetrating form of high-energy electromagnetic radiation.Most X-rays have a wavelength ranging from 10 picometers to 10 nanometers, corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 petahertz to 30 exahertz (30×10 15 Hz to 30×10 18 Hz) and energies in the range 124 eV to 124 keV.X-ray wavelengths are shorter than those of UV rays and typically longer than those of. The primary purpose of the high-voltage circuit is to supply the x-ray tube with voltage high enough to create x-rays. The autotransformer, step-down transformer, and high-voltage transformer are all located in a tank near the x-ray machine (Fig. 6-5). Oil surrounds the transformers inside the tank for heat dissipation

The global X-ray detectors market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.8% from 2018 to 2024 to reach $3,887.3 million by 2024. Owing to the growing aging population and resulting medical conditions, the demand for various diagnostic modalities including X-ray systems is increasing across the globe X-Ray Safety Policies and Procedures General Considerations Research and medicine uses many types of x-ray equipment including analytical, medical, dental, fluoroscopic, veterinary, cabinet systems and electron microscopes. All radiation generating devices such as x-ray machines must be registered with the Radiation Safety Services (RSS) 2. 2. COMPONENTSOF X-RAY TUBE The basic components of an x-ray tube are: a. A sealed glass tube envelope is made of glass or metal-ceramic having high melting point to withstand the intense heat generated at the anode. A high vacuum environment for the tube elements is necessary; to prevent oxidation of the electrode materials, to permit read An X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometer is an x-ray instrument used for routine, relatively non-destructive chemical analyses of rocks, minerals, sediments and fluids. It works on wavelength-dispersive spectroscopic principles that are similar to an electron microprobe . However, an XRF cannot generally make analyses at the small spot sizes.

Basics of X-ray Physics - X-ray productio

X-Ray: Purpose, Procedure, and Risk

  1. x ray production by irradiation of matter by electrons and x rays. It is intended to familiarize you with the equipment and some of the basic physics of x rays. The rest is a menu of possible studies you can pursue as time permits. II. THEORY The sub-discipline of x-ray physics involves a certain amount of nomenclature and notation that you.
  2. X-ray Procedures Manual August 1988 Westat, Inc. 1650 Research Boulevard Rockville, Maryland 20850 (301) 251-1500. iii TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter Pag
  3. X-ray H.V. Generator - Basic circuits of classical High Voltage X-ray Generator - kVp waveforms and ripple - New Medium frequency X-ray Generator - Basic circuits of medium frequency X-ray Generator - kVp Control and diagnostic use - Automatic Exposure Control Images from www.emerald2.net and Siemen

X-Rays Definition Block Diagram and working of X-Ray

  1. When x-ray hits sample, the sample emits x-rays along a spectrum of wavelengths characteristic of the type of atoms present. If a sample has many elements present, the use of a Wavelength Dispersive Spectrometer allows the separation of a complex emitted X-ray spectrum into characteristic wavelengths for each element present
  2. X - RAY Dental X-ray 1 3,000,000 3,000,000 Dental X-ray film processor 2 250,000 500,000 Suction machine 1 70,000 70,000 Page 10 of 60. MEDICAL EQUIPMENT LIST FOR TYPICAL DISTRICT HOSPITAL DESCRIPTION OF EQUIPMENT MIN UNIT COST TOTAL COST X - ray viewer 1 30,000 30,000 Dental instrument cabinet 1.
  3. General X-Ray Machine Operator (GXMO) Certificate. In addition to the GXMO license, learners may earn a Columbus State GXMO Certificate by completing Technical, Basic Related and General courses that would help prepare them to enter the Associate Degree Medical Imaging Program
  4. Basic X-Ray Technician Certificate Programs Being an x-ray technician may be for you if you're interested in technology and working in the health care industry. Read on to find out more about this career, including what you can learn in certificate programs and more information about certification
  5. X-Ray Machines X-Ray Film Digitizer/Imaging Plate System X-Ray Film Printer X-Ray Film Processor X-Ray Film Viewer Various X-Ray Machines Apelem Kristal X-Ray Table Technical manual 4.2 MB Download Apelem Rafale EV 30 Service manual 5.3 MB Download Aseptico ARU-01 Field Dental X-Ray Maintenance manual 460 KB Download Aseptico ARU-HF70 Field.
  6. 702 Basic X Ray jobs available in Florida on Indeed.com. Apply to X-ray Technician, Medical Support Assistant, Assistant and more
  7. ology The Primary/Useful Beam • The Primary or Useful Beam is the beam emitted by the x-ray tube after it passes through an aperture in the source housing. • The exposure rate from the primary beam of an analytical x-ray unit can be as intense as 400,000 R/mi

A basic x-ray machine operator will typically be employed in clinics, hospitals, or other facilities with medical diagnostic labs. They have extensive physiology and anatomy knowledge and prepare patients by pointing x-ray equipment toward the appropriate areas of the body. They also communicate with patients regarding the process, help control. An x-ray tube functions as a specific energy converter, receiving electrical energy and converting it into two other forms of energy: x-radiation (1%) and heat (99%). Heat is considered the undesirable product of this conversion process; therefore x-radiation is created by taking the energy from the electrons and converting it into photons.This very specific energy conversion takes place in. Philips x-ray & fluoroscopy solutions are highly customizable. From portable x-ray equipment to complete digital X-ray rooms, we can provide a solution that fits your workflow and budget

Basic X-ray Machine Operator Study Guide eBa

Follow us. Address 408 West Parkway Place Ridgeland, MS 39157 Phone 601-853-673 Future of X-Ray Technology. Another leap in X-ray technology came with the 1972 invention of the computed tomography scan (CAT scan) by Godfrey Hounsfield and Alan Cormack. The basic X-ray produces two-dimensional images that provide insights into the internal structure of the human body For X-ray production, only the positive half of the cycle can be used to ensure that the electrons from the filament are always drawn towards the target. Thus, the stepped-up high voltage applied across the X-ray tube needs to be rectified to eliminate the negative half of the cycle

Security Flap Entrance Automatic Turnstiles Electronic

The X-ray machine, which looks like a tube containing a large light bulb, will be carefully aimed at the part of the body being examined by the radiographer. They will operate the machine from behind a screen or from the next room. The X-ray will last for a fraction of a second Nikon Metrology X-ray sources are at the heart of our technology and have been designed & manufactured in-house, offering over 30 years of knowledge. More X-ray source X-Ray Machine Circuits . Any X-ray apparatus, even of the simplest type, is an intricate and complicated piece of machinery consisting of four main parts: The X-ray tube, the transformer, the tube stand, and the control panel. 1. The X-ray tube. 2. The transformer. A transformer is an electromagnetic device used for increasing or decreasing the. X-Ray Machines. Y.MU2000-D. With over 490 X-ray systems sold worldwide, Y.MU2000-D is the standard system in X-ray inspection and now also available with CT option. UX20 The UX20 system is desiged from the ground up for fast and easy x-ray inspection of your parts. The award-winning user interface Geminy enables an easy inspection, both for.

Sommer Ray Basic Active Butt Lift Legging – Urban PlanetOffice Building Electronic Turnstile Gates Automatic

Basic X Ray Technician Florida Medical & Aesthetic

Title: Basic X Ray Machine Operator Study Guide Author: cvbeta.post-gazette.com-2021-01-14-08-26-44 Subject: Basic X Ray Machine Operator Study Guid A.R. Flegal, G.M. Scelfo, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003. X-ray Fluorescence. A rapidly evolving methodology for measuring lead concentrations in situ is with X-ray fluorescence (XRF). Sufficient incident radiation from an X-ray generator or a radioactive source is provided to excite an inner shell electron, with the resultant emission of a fluorescent X-ray

Scaphoid Fracture Surgery - Expectations and Outlook | mcuhq

What is a Basic X-Ray Certification? - Learn

An Inexpensive X-ray Machine . From an old radio tube, some copper wire, and other inexpensive materials — total cost: roughly $20 — you can construct an X-ray machine that will make good pictures through an inch of wood. SAFETY MEASURES THAT YOU MUST OBSERVE. Notes on Röntgen's invention. Highlights of X-ray theory The field of X-ray components is continuously developing. New technologies in micro- and nanofabrication keep increasing the performance of our X-ray instruments, sometimes with orders of magnitude. Several of these innovative components can also be added to already installed instruments, to further increase the performance of your (existing. An x-ray generator gives power to the x-ray tube. It contains high voltage transformers, filament transformers and rectifier circuits. Cathode. The cathode is the negative terminal of an x-ray tube. It is a tungsten filament and when current flows through it, the filament is heated and emits its surface electrons by a process called thermionic.

Users of x-ray analysis machines must hold a x-ray analysis users' licence or be under the supervision of a licence holder. Accidents and incidents must be reported to Safety and Health. The School Radiation Safety Officer. Service may only be carried out by a service technician with a suitable Radiological Council licence The energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) is a method for measuring the thickness of coatings and for analysing materials. It can be used for the qualitative and quantitative determination of the elemental composition of a material sample as well as for measuring coatings and coating systems Due to the short wavelengths which mean higher energy and frequency, the Kilovolts for Dental X-rays is usually 100keV (0.05 nn). the milliampere calibration changes depending on the type of X-ray used for dental radiography and also the type of X-ray machine used machine or regularly to enter an X-ray area where the X-ray machine is in use. 2.0 WRHA RADIATION SAFETY ORGANIZATION 2.1 Organization of Radiation Safety in the WRHA a) Reporting and Accountability Chain A tiered system of safety responsibility and reporting has been developed withi X-ray, electromagnetic radiation of extremely short wavelength and high frequency, with wavelengths ranging from about 10^-8 to 10^-12 metre. The passage of X-rays through materials, including biological tissue, can be recorded. Thus, analysis of X-ray images of the body is a valuable medical diagnostic tool

For your first steps into the digital world of radiography or to expand your current digital environment, we have the portfolio of advanced digital x-ray equipment to offer you the right system. DR systems from Siemens fulfill your clinical needs whilst meeting your economical demands CT, radiography, and fluoroscopy all work on the same basic principle: an X-ray beam is passed through the body where a portion of the X-rays are either absorbed or scattered by the internal. Modern medical x-ray machines are grouped into two categories: hard or soft x rays. Soft x rays, which operate at a relatively low frequency, are usedto image bones and internal organs and, unless repeated excessively, cause little tissue damage. Hard x rays, very high frequencies designed to destroy molecules within specific cells thus. Diagnostic X-ray, or radiography, is a special method for taking pictures of areas inside the body. A machine focuses a small amount of radiation on the area of the body to be examined. The X-rays pass through the body, creating an image on film or a computer display

Big-Block 1969 Chevrolet Nova SS Has Seen It All, FromXbox One price drops again to $279 - The Verge

Basic X Ray Technician (X ray) Career Education Diplom

In most modern x-ray circuits, to overcome inconsistent voltage supplies which can vary by up to 5%, a _____ is incorporated to produce consistent voltage input to the machine. Line compensator The selection of voltage to the primary of the high tension transformer in a three-phase unit is made by X-ray diffraction (XRD) is a powerful nondestructive technique for characterizing crystalline materials. It provides information on structures, phases, preferred crystal orientations (texture. We are eminent manufacturer of Mobile X-ray machine, Line Frequency and High Frequency X-ray machine, fixed X-Ray machine to cater to digital radiography application. Post query to know X-ray machine price, cost, specifications, etc. Toggle navigation. Toll Free: 1800 266 880 Narmuk Medical Systems (India) Private Limited - X-Ray Machine, X Ray Bucky Tables & Lithotripsy System Manufacturer from Mohali, Punjab, India. Narmuk Medical Systems (India) Private Limited. Phase 9, Mohali, Punjab. GST No. 03AABCN9183H1ZE. Send E-mail. Call 08045355895 44% Response Rate. Profil

Basics of X-ray Physics - Tutorial introductio

X-ray Tube. X-ray tube should be focal spot 0.6 mm small, 1.0 mm or similar large. Stipulate the heat unit and anode storage capacity. Stipulate the X-ray tube heat unit storage capacity. X-ray tube should have high-speed rotor circuitry. X-ray collimator must be of high quality to minimize radiation outside the selected field of radiation Basic X-ray Machine Operator Study Guide. Florida State University. Center for Instructional Development and Services. FSU, 1986 - Radiography, Medical - 373 pages. 0 Reviews. What people are saying - Write a review. We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. Bibliographic information Human Medicine: Upgrade existing stationary X-ray systems. At the heart of each Medici system is the dicomPACS ® DX-R acquisition and diagnostic software with the integrated X-ray positioning guide developed by OR Technology. The software controls X-ray generators and X-ray units of various manufacturers, providing a smooth and structured workflow

South Haven Tribune - Schools, Education3

Types of X-ray Machines - vetmansoura

Basic principles of computed tomography MUDr. Lukáš Mikšík, KZM FN Motol. x-ray tube moves in the oposite direction than detector areas outside the focus are blured, therefore CT machine anatomy energy source (140 kV) + slip rings x ray source detectors collimator An x-ray machine sends individual x-ray particles through the body. The images are recorded on a computer or film. Structures that are dense (such as bone) will block most of the x-ray particles, and will appear white. Metal and contrast media (special dye used to highlight areas of the body) will also appear white

Radiology - Basic X-Ray Machine It is a special branch that deals with the study and application of imaging technology using X-ray radiations or such other radiation devices for the purpose of obtaining visual information to diagnosing and treatment of diseases. X-ray machines are devices that generate exceedingly high frequency high energy. Basics of X-Ray Powder Diffraction Training to Become an Independent User of the X-Ray SEF at the Center for Materials Science and Engineering at MIT Scott A Speakman, Ph.D. • The unit cell is the basic repeating unit that defines the crystal structure. - The unit cell contains the maximum symmetry that uniquely defines the crysta Radiology reads in minutes. Veterinary specific digital x-ray system that incorporates the latest in artificial intelligence. Learn More Companion animal or zoo, we have a solution for you. Discover your next x-ray system Veterinary Ozone Therapy Ozone therapy solutions for Read Mor Our organization has a very modern and sprawling infrastructure which has all the latest and sophisticated facilities to manufacture beat-in-class X-Ray Machine Control Panel. Well known for its rugged design & easy installation, this control panel is used in various hospitals to control & regulate the power supply in X-Ray machines

Basic Functioning of Dental Panoramic X-ray Machine - YouTub

X-Ray safety training is required prior to operating an x-ray machine and is comprised of a 2-hour classroom training. Follow the instructions below to register for this training. Radiation Worker Registration and X-Ray Safety Training Sign-Up. Complete and print a Form B. Sign as the Radiation Worker, and have your Authorized User (AU) sign as. In 2013, two New York state men were arrested for plotting to develop a mobile X-ray machine that would be used from a distance to kill people they thought were undesirables, namely enemies of Israel. [4] The discovery of the first cosmic X-ray source (besides the sun) occurred in 1962. Called Scorpius X-1, this extrasolar X-ray source is. The average hourly pay for an X-Ray Technician (Limited Scope) is $17.28. Visit PayScale to research x-ray technician (limited scope) hourly pay by city, experience, skill, employer and more The Certificate in Limited X-Ray program is designed to prepare the graduate for an entry-level position in a physician's office or medical clinic. The program emphasizes the development of clinical skills to train students for a career as a Limited X-Ray Machine Operator or X-Ray Technician X-Ray: Other: 20-Shimadzu MUX-100 Mobile DaRt Portable X-Ray System Software Version: Canon CXDI V7.31.01 Panel: 50G series Tube count: 12,463 Tube Manufacture Date: July 2007 Location: OH Available end of June: 06-02-20: 52237-MUX-100 Mobile DaRt: Portable - DR: X-Ray: Othe

This chapter contains the basic theory of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and its applications to low-resolution studies of nanostructured materials. The primary purpose is to explain how to. X-ray repair technicians troubleshoot X-ray devices when they are not working properly, fix them and maintain them to operate efficiently. Their training includes understanding how the equipment works, as well as how to test X-ray machines using voltmeters, laboratory testing tools, how to read measurements with instrumentation, and how to interpret and analyze graph results (C) Stationary diagnostic x-ray system means a diagnostic x-ray system which is installed in a fixed location. A diagnostic x-ray system installed in a vehicle designed to be operated on the highway shall be deemed to be a stationary x-ray system. Diaphragm means a device or mechanism by which the x-ray beam is restricted in size • Assuring that all users of the x-ray machine(s) have completed this training packet and the associated quiz. IV. The Safe Use of X-ray Machines a. Definitions In order to safely use x-ray producing machines an understanding of some basic x-ray terminology is required. The following is a short list of terms and thei

  • خلفيات جميلة للهاتف للبنات.
  • قوانين فيزياء أولى ثانوى ترم ثاني 2020.
  • الشهيد ماثيو من شهداء ليبيا.
  • النظريات التى تحكم استخدام السيور والطارات.
  • Rich Homie Quan flex clean.
  • فخذ الدجاج سعرات.
  • موقع بيت الله كتب مريم نور.
  • Sonali Bendre.
  • مسلسل الا انا كندة علوش الحلقة 1.
  • قطاعات وزارة الداخلية المصرية.
  • أسم SAID مزخرف بالانجليزي.
  • Rhyolite.
  • كريم بنزيما وزوجته.
  • فيزا ألبانيا للسعوديين.
  • نبات الزانبيا.
  • كيفية التخلص من شعر الكلاب.
  • شقق مفروشة للايجار الشارقة المجاز.
  • هدى سعد قد بيها.
  • تنزيل كاميرا دبلجة.
  • الاتحاد الرياضي.
  • أغراض البيت بالجمله.
  • مود تعديل السيارات GTA IV.
  • تحميل بوربوينت 2016.
  • كراسة تعليم خط الرقعة للاطفال.
  • رسم افعى كوبرا.
  • مكتبة العاب xbox 360.
  • Mammography imaging principles.
  • باربي بيت الاحلام الجديد.
  • يفط حضانة.
  • بوستات مسخرة عن الشباب.
  • بوستات مسيحية حزينة جدا.
  • Diamond vector.
  • سمو الملكة مزخرف.
  • Premium dates.
  • عجل اطفال رضع.
  • كيفية ربط جهازين كمبيوتر عن طريق الانترنت.
  • إنشاء عن التحرير.
  • رقصة البطريق التركية.
  • طبقات البناء.
  • حبوب الأنف الملتهبة.
  • يانكي سيتي.